• Bell Wilkins

COVID-19 and K12 Finance: 50-State Tracker

As debates around school reopening plans continue, Edstruments is here to keep you informed about the fiscal realities affecting each state's K12 decision-making. Have an update? Leave a link in the comments below, and we'll add it ASAP!



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(All statistics and bullet points refer specifically to K12 education unless otherwise stated)


Alabama

  • Gov. Ivey reduced her proposed budget by $500M

  • $7.2B education budget passed, albeit with a smaller increase than originally planned

  • Budget covers K12, Comm. College, and universities

  • Gov. planned for 6% increase, only passed a 1% increase (equal to $91M)

  • (Source from 5/6)

  • increases in FY 2021 budget possible because of conservative spending in past years

  • $4.9B in budget goes to K12

  • 3% pay raise for teachers was cut

  • (Source from 5/5)

  • Will receive $170M in funds, mostly to be used on health, tech devices (Source from 7/20)


Alaska

  • Lower oil prices had state in trouble before pandemic, oil pays 90% of Alaska’s bills and has dropped 75% since pandemic began

  • Budget passed during pandemic was “generally a win” for public-ed

  • Gov. Dunleavy vetoed $30M in state K12 funding, saying it could be covered with CARES Act, questions about if that is true

  • Alaska DoE spent $525k on virtual learning license from Florida

  • (Source from 6/11)

  • $3.14B for children (33.4% of operating budget), $1.87B of that money is K12 (Source)

  • Alaska is 49th out of 50 states in Education according to Casey Foundation (Source)

  • Projecting $882M budget shortfall in FY21 (15% decline) (Source from 7/1)


Arizona

  • Budget shortfall of $190M in the fiscal year that ends this month

  • Potential budget shortfall of $518M in fiscal year starting in July (total shortfall of $708M by end of FY21)

  • Received $1.4B in CARES Act funds

  • (Source from 6/19)

  • Gov. Ducey announced schools slated to open, but education funding is a function of student attendance, so lack of attendance would be damaging (Source)

  • AZ schools will divide $270M, schools will have 98% of aid they had last year regardless of enrollment changes (if guardians don’t send their kids back in person)

  • $40M to close digital divide, $20M to curb learning loss, $6M in teacher prep

  • (Source from 6/25)


Arkansas

  • $129M From CARES Act for school relief (Source from 6/24)

  • FY 2020 budget for public school fund cut by 5.5% to $2.1B on March 23 (Source from 4/16)

  • Admin expects to use money on remediation, digital divide, counselors, and nurses (Source from 4/24)

  • State ended with $630M more than expected, will not cut K12 budgets

  • Restoring $121M in expected cuts to public school fund

  • (Source from 6/30)


California

  • New budget will preserve K12 funding, prevent teacher layoffs

  • Gov. Newsom expects enough funding for schools to reopen in Fall

  • Prop 98 expected to decrease to $70B (down from $84 proposed in Jan.)

  • Newsom rescinded 8% cut and now issuing $12B in deferrals (will only use $6B if HEROES Act passes)

  • $2.8B in CARES Act funding to be spent on learning loss for high-needs groups

  • (Source from 6/23)

  • $202B budget keeps K12 funding intact, additional provisions for learning loss funds, special-ed, pension relief, and funding stability

  • No coronavirus liability protections explicitly mentioned

  • (Source from 7/1)


Colorado

  • $510M in CARES Act fund for K12,

  • state still plans to spend 15% less next year

  • Avg. per-pupil spending will decrease 5%

  • (Source from 6/15)

  • School finance act cuts average per-pupil spending by 5% (now, expenditure ~$8,000)

  • Districts planning pay freezes, furloughs, layoffs

  • Cutting funds for constructions, social workers, dropout prevention

  • (Source from 6/28)


Connecticut

  • As schools reopen, it will cost the average school district about $1.8 million to make social distancing possible (Source from 6/23)

  • State will receive $111M in aid ($99.9M for districts, $11.1M for state), educators worried not enough will go towards learning recovery

  • State budget is stable for rest of fiscal year (rainy-day fund more than covers $530M deficit)

  • Gov. Lamont expects FY21 (starting 7/1/2020) could see $1B erased from finances

  • Expert expects funding will be used to close budget gaps, not provide additional programs for students

  • (Source from 4/24)

  • State DOE has 4 stated priorities: close digital divide; accessible curriculum; addressing learning gaps and safely reopening schools; socio-emotional support

  • (Source from 5/14 press release)

  • Will distribute $99M in CARES Act funds to help with reopening (Source from 6/25)


Delaware

  • Schools are fully funded, even building a new school (Source from 6/24)

  • No growth, but no cuts when budget was approved on 6/30 (Source from 6/30)


Florida

  • Gov. DeSantis intends to make heavy cuts from $93.2B budget passed in March

  • State revenues short of March and April estimates by $1.8B

  • Still passing teacher pay raise (FL was ranked 46/50 in teacher salary)

  • (Source from 6/24)

  • Much of budget still unknown, but likely to have a huge budget shortfall (79% of Florida’s revenue came from sales tax)

  • Fl received $724.4M for K12 schools to be distributed proportionally based on Title I, $171.5M for emergency relief for most impacted schools

  • (Source from 4/10)

  • Gov. DeSantis "largely left education alone," maintained $500M for teacher raises

  • (Source from 6/30)


Georgia

  • $1B cut from K12, but increased spending in low-wealth districts

  • Many districts expecting layoffs and furloughs

  • $1B cut from K12 funding

  • (Source from 6/17)

  • Adopted budget with $950M in cuts to K12 ed

  • Full funding ($726M) maintained for financially struggling schools

  • (Source from 7/1)


Hawaii

  • DoE operating budget is 25% of state’s general fund budget which took big hit

  • Anticipating cuts, using CARES Act funds for summer learning and student tech

  • (Source from 6/2)

  • Budget shortfall could necessitate cuts up to 25% (Source from 5/28)

  • Receiving $54M for low-income students (Source from 6/29)


Idaho

  • Gov. Little planning to cut funding by 5% ($99M cut from K12 funding)

  • Includes $1M reduction in central services, $10 reduction in professional development, $21.1M in discretionary funding

  • (Source from 5/8)

  • Planning in-person fall (Source from 7/9)


Illinois

  • No budget increase for K12 spending (but inflation effectively means a cut compared to FY20)

  • Total K12 spending increasing by 0.14% ($12.79M) when outside grants are included

  • Since 2000, spending on pensions has increased 200%, and spending in-classrooms rose 20%

  • IL has higher admin spending costs relative to Wisconsin, Iowa and Indiana

  • (Source from 6/17)

  • Gov. Pritzker announced $108M in COVID relief (Source from 7/14)


Indiana

  • No cuts in K12 education, $7.5B spending plan for 20-21 school year remains

  • Full-funding regardless of in-person or remote (they will waive existing state laws for this)

  • New biennial budget beginning to be drafted in January

  • (Source from 6/17)

  • Gov. Holcomb announced $61M in education relief funds (Source from 6/22)


Iowa

  • Education funding will remain flat under proposed budget for FY21 starting July 1 (2.3% increase in per pupil state aid from FY20)

  • (Source from 6/14)

  • $100M increase in education funding at end of legislative session (Source from 6/25)


Kansas

  • 52% of state general fund goes to K12 schools, Kansas expecting $653M budget shortfall (8% revenue decline)

  • Very education friendly gov. (Laura Kelly) but said cuts to K12 are not out of the question

  • Because Kansas Supreme Ct. requires certain funding, some things can’t be cut, so others will likely be cut more (like admin tech potentially)

  • Recommendations for CARES Act funding coming out in early July

  • (Source from 6/10)

  • No cuts, expecting it will take $490/student to reopen safely (Source from 7/1)


Kentucky

  • Received 4% of annual ed budget from CARES Act ($223M), $193.2M specifically for K12

  • 90% of the 193.2M distributed thru Title I formula, has much flexibility

  • (Source from 4/24)

  • Ky Dept of Ed is cutting 1% of its own budget ($3M) before June 30 (end of FY 20)

  • Bearing the costs by not filling vacant positions

  • Expecting more cuts if more federal funding doesn’t come in

  • (Source from 5/7)

  • Only state that experienced large protests in 2018 that saw decreased state funding in 2019

  • (Source from March 19)

  • School now opening 9/9 (Source from 7/15)


Louisiana

  • No cuts or increases to K12 spending

  • (Source from 5/26)

  • Gov. Edwards released $50M in CARES act funding on 7/8 (Source)


Maine

  • K12 education is 35% of state’s budget

  • Legislature aiming to reconvene in August for spending decisions (Source from 6/30)

  • State projects it need $328M to open this fall (Source from 7/14)


Maryland

  • 6% of state school spending comes from Casinos (which all closed), but all online taxes (which likely increased) are dedicated to education

  • (Source from 4/6)

  • Has $255M in CARES Funding, allowing in-person classes for fall 2020 (Source from 7/22)


Massachusetts

  • 2000 educator layoffs already (Source from 6/23)

  • Expecting deep budget cuts


Michigan

  • On 6/23, Republicans proposed $1.3B plan to help schools reopen

  • Extended deadline to pass budget for FY21 due to virus, not reconvening until 7/21

  • (Source from 6/23)

  • Gov. Baker making an announcement soon about ed budget (Source from 7/21)


Minnesota

  • Unclear funding situation, schools don’t know reopening plan (Source from 6/18)

  • Making several announcements regarding schools on 7/30 (Source from 7/23)


Mississippi

  • 1/5 households lacked tech, so Dept. of Ed. requesting $250M to close digital divide

  • No updates yet otherwise on budget, but article makes it seem like the funding is more investment than they’d ever have been able to access otherwise

  • (Source from 6/11)

  • State received $170M in CARES funds, Gov. Reeves vetoed budget (Source from 7/21)


Missouri

  • K12 schools getting 40% less from the state in June 2020

  • State revenues down 6% compared to last year when they had planned for increases

  • (Source from 6/1)

  • No new info as of 7/24


Montana

  • K12 schools not facing cuts yet, they have a rainy day fund they’re using at the moment

  • May have more updates when FY21 begins

  • (Source from 6/3)

  • Gov. Released $75M to schools (Source from 7/23)


Nebraska

  • K12 schools received $65M from Ed stabilization fund (Source from 5/27)

  • Ed commissioner had pay freeze b/c they don’t know budget (Source from 6/5)

  • Lawmakers awaiting forecast, property tax/school finance bill is under debate

  • Lawmakers in favor believe Nebraska overrelies on property taxes (Source from 7/22)


Nevada

  • Schools will lose millions in tax revenue due to gambling and tourism shutdown

  • Reopening proposal due 6/25

  • 70k students in CCSD have no wi-fi, have to contend with budget cuts (Source 6/23)

  • Made tens of millions in cuts to K12 education in latest session (Source from 7/20)


New Hampshire

  • Expecting general and ed trust funds to be 9.2% lower than planned for FY21-FY23

  • (Source from 5/31)

  • Gov. Sununu not planning on budget adjustments for FY21 (Source from 5/26)


New Jersey

  • Gov. Murphy rescinded $336M he had guaranteed to underfunded schools last year, causing 2/3 of districts to re-evaluate or cut spending

  • Income tax files delayed, but state estimates $10B shortfall

  • (Source from 5/29)

  • Pressuring Feds for more aid due to risk of $1B in education cuts (Source from 7/23)


New Mexico

  • Half of $7.6B spending plan is for public schools, most from petroleum which collapsed

  • Overall spending could still increase as state taps emergency reserves

  • Court case against Gov. Lujan Grisham about inequitable education in progress

  • (Source from 6/18)

  • Cutting 0.6% from school budget (Source from 6/26)


New York

  • All but 5 of 388 proposed school district budgets passes

  • Gov. Cuomo said cuts of up to 20% are possible, hasn’t given details

  • (Source from 6/17)

  • NYC schools received federal relief, but Gov. Cuomo cancelled it out with state cuts

  • High poverty schools (NYC), more hurt by budget cuts than wealthy districts (Scarsdale)

  • low-income districts lost funding when they have to spend more to close digital divide

  • (Source from 5/4)

  • Cuomo waiting on federal aid, if none expecting $2.3B in K12 cuts (Source from 7/16)


North Carolina

  • State leaders need $427M to begin 8-year plan to improve public education, but expecting $4B budget shortfall (Source form 6/17)

  • Unclear whether their plan for reopening was made with knowledge of budget

  • State expecting 8.2% loss in general fund due to virus (Source from 6/11)

  • $382M in CARES funding, 300 to counties, $75M for nutrition (Source from 7/6)


North Dakota

  • $41M in COVID relief for K12 schools

  • Gov. Noem said she will soon announce grants for private schools

  • (Source from 5/26)

  • Spending all of the $1.25B in CARES funds, amount for K12 unknown (Source 7/24)


Ohio

  • Gov. DeWine cut $355M from schools, expects federal money to replace it (Source from 5/6)

  • In total, $84M net gain, but 3 of every 5 districts in OH lost funding (Source from 6/10)

  • $88M going to K12 education, districts receiving funding proportional to amount of students

  • (Source from 7/14)


Oklahoma

  • Preserved funding by offsetting 2.5% cut with COVID relief funds (Source from 5/5/20)

  • $145M in CARES funding going towards reopening efforts (Source from 7/22)


Oregon

  • State agencies preparing for 17% budget cut (Source from 5/29)

  • Considering closing prisons to preserve $9B state school fund (Source from 7/17)


Pennsylvania

  • No budget cuts in FY21

  • (Source from 5/28)

  • Considered very inequitable with school funding (47th out of 50 states) (Source from 7/22)


Rhode Island

  • Expecting to replace lost state funding for public schools with CARES Act funding

  • Waiting until next month to review budget

  • (Source from 6/15)

  • K12 schools usually underfunded, funding currently under debate (Source from 7/22)


South Carolina

  • Proposing 19% of $1.2B in CARES Act funding go towards Education

  • Would go towards summer learning days, longer school year

  • Reconvening in September

  • (Source from 6/24)

  • Ended fiscal year 2020 with $220M surplus (Source from 7/24)

  • Giving federal food assistance from K12 students (Source from 6/30)


South Dakota

  • “Coronavirus’ full impact on South Dakota’s Budget Won’t Be Known for Months”

  • (Source from 5/27)

  • Ended fiscal year 2020 with $19M surplus (Source from 7/20)


Tennessee

  • Schools still fully funded, but teacher pay was cut

  • (Source from 6/17)

  • Gov. Lee allocated $11M for reopening, $50M for remote devices (Source from 7/20)

  • K12 is 16% of state budget, litigation happening in Oct. ’21 to increase it (Source from 7/21)


Texas

  • K12 funding is exempt from 5% budget cuts ordered by Gov. Abbott

  • During recession, low income schools hurt worst by cuts, policy advocates don’t want same outcome

  • (Source from 6/18)

  • Districts won’t get additional money from Coronavirus Relief Funds, money will go towards state to recoup losses from 19-20 school year

  • (Source from 6/11)

  • Using $200M in CARES Act funding for e-learning and internet (Source from 7/17)


Utah

  • State superintendent expecting 5% ($380M) cut from state budget (Source form 6/1)

  • Trimmed growth but K12 still saw year-over-year increase (Source from 7/23)


Vermont

  • Approved $300M budget (including $9M in education), then began 6-week recess (Source from 6/17)


Virginia

  • Gov. Northam convening legislature in August to decide budget

  • Teacher raises, money for low-income districts “up in the air (Source from 6/9)

  • State revisiting budget in August (Source from 7/18)


Washington

  • State likely having special legislative session in August (Source from 6/9)

  • 96% of state K12 budget is “untouchable” (Source from 5/27)

  • Projecting $8.8B shortfall through 2023 (Source from 6/29)


West Virginia

  • High costs involved switching students to online learning

  • High # of children in foster care due to Opioid crisis (Source from 6/25)

  • Gov. Justice said enough cash on-hand to make it to end of June, more info in July

  • (Source from 6/22)

  • Defunded Dept. of Ed by $2M to balance budget, state ended with surplus (Source from 6/30)


Wisconsin

  • Districts uncertain if cuts are coming given tax revenue still unknown

  • Schools voting with many unknowns and planning for cuts

  • (Source from 6/22)

  • $46M in CARES funds will be distributed based on need (Source from 7/24)


Wyoming

  • Gov. Gordon expecting education budget to lose $500M

  • (Source from 6/16)

  • Education budget is $1.7B


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